Tyrolean DNA admixture and genetic structure


Interesting information for genetic genealogy and populations genetics of human DNA from the historical Tyrol region (South Tyrol, North Tyrol, East Tyrol, Trentino) and bordering regions of Central Europe: Austria (Vorarlberg, Salzburg, Carinthia/Kärnten, Upper Austria/Oberösterreich, Styria/Steiermark), North Italy (Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Lombardy, Piemonte, Aosta, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany), Switzerland (Graubünden/Grisons, St. Gallen), South Germany (Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg), Slovenia, Croatia, East/Alpine France (Alsace, Franche-Comté, Lorraine, Rhône-Alpes), Czechia, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Romania.

Autosomal and complete genome

Dodecad Oracle Clos Calc TiGenID006

Dodecad Oracle Clos Calc TiGenID006

Publications:

  • South Tyrolean Isolated Populations Y-DNA (UEP), mtDNA, and 8 Alu Polymorphisms, Pichler, Mueller, Stefanov et al. 2006 (277 samples)
    Y-DNA Puster Valley (n=35) P* (xR1a) 47%, BR* (xDE, JR) 34%, E* (xE3a) 9%, R1a* 6%, L 3%, Y* (xBR, A3b2) 3%
    Y-DNA Eisack Valley (n=34) P* (xR1a) 46%, BR* (xDE, JR) 29%, R1a* 15%, E* (xE3a) 3%, K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) 3%, E3a 3%
    Y-DNA Badiot Valley (n=24) P* (xR1a) 58%, BR* (xDE, JR) 21%, R1a* 13%, L 8%
    Y-DNA Lower Vinschgau (n=32) P* (xR1a) 47%, BR* (xDE, JR), R1a1 13%, E* (xE3a) 3%, K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) 3%
    Y-DNA Upper Vinschgau (n=32) P* (xR1a) 56%, BR* (xDE, JR) 31%, E* (xE3a) 9%, R1a1 3%
    Y-DNA Stilfs (n=37) P* (xR1a) 35%, BR* (xDE, JR) 32%, E* (xE3a) 14%, K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) 14%, R1a1 3%, E3a 3%
    Y-DNA South Tyrol (n=194) P* (xR1a) 47%, BR* (xDE, JR) 31%, E* (xE3a) 7%, R1a* 5%, K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) 4%, R1a1 3%, L 2%, E3a 1%, Y* (xBR, A3b2) 1%
  • South Tyrol three microisolates (MICROS) Genetic study, Pattaro et al. 2007 (1175 participants)
  • South Tyrol Isolates Value for Genetic Dissection of Complex Diseases, Marroni, Pichler et al. 2006 (403 males)

Y-DNA and mtDNA

Y-DNA (Y-Chromosome, Paternal Line)

Tyrolean Y-DNA Publications

  • Tyrolean Alps Y-chromosome Variability, sample evaluation, collection of 3.800 blood samples begins in Jan. 2007, project description, German Project Site: historisch-genetischer Hintergrund Tirol
  • Frequency Y-chromosome Tyrolean district of Reutte, Erhart, Berger, Niederstätter et al. 2012 (261 samples, 17 Y-STRs, 19 Y-SNPs)
    R1b-U106/S21 20,9%, R1b-M269* 13,6%, R1b-U152/S28 12,4%, I1-M253 10,5%, G2a-P15 8,5%, E1b-M78 8,1%, J-M304 8,1%, R1a-M17 7,8%, I2-M223 2,7%, I2-P37.2 2,7%, K-M9* (LT, NO) 0,8%, P-M45* (Q) 0,8%, G-M201* 0,4%, I-M170* 0,4%, R1-M173*
  • East Tyrolean Dissection of Y Chromosome Variation, Niederstätter, Rampl, Erhart, Pitterl, Oberacher et al. 2012 (270 samples, 17 Y-STRs, 27 Y-SNPs)
    R1b-U106/S21 18,9%, I1-M253 15,9%, R1a-M17 14,1%, R1b-U152/S28 12,6%, J-M304 8,9%, G2a-P15 7,4%, R1b-M412/S167* 4,8%, E1b-M78 4,4%, R1b-S116* 3,0%, I2-M223 2,6 %, R1b-L23/S141* 1,9%
  • Tyrol Y-SNPs Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b, Niederstätter et al. 2008 (135 individuals)
    R1b-U106/S21 60%, R1b-U152/S28 21%, R1b-U198 2%, R1b* 19%
  • Tirol Y-STR typing, Berger, Niederstätter et al. 2005 (135 unrelated men and 70 sons)

mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA, Maternal Line)

Emigrants

Bordering Regions

North Italy

Germany (South)

  • Paternal genetic landscape of Polish and German (incl. Bavarian Augsburg/Swabia), Rębała, Martínez-Cruz, Tönjes, Kovacs et al. 2012 (Augsburg/Swabia N=218, 39 HG, 19 STR)
    I1-M253* 13,8%, R1b-U106* 11,5%, R1b-U106-L48 9,2%, R1a-M17-M458 7,8%, E1b-V13 6,9%, R1b-P312* 6,9%, R1b-U152-L2* 5,5%, R1a-M17* 4,6%, R1b-U152* 3,7%, G2a-P15 3,2%, I1-M253-L22 3,2%, J2a-M410-M67* 3,2%, I2-M423 2,8%, R1b-L23* 2,8%, I2-M223 2,3%, J2a-M410* 2,3%, J2b-M241 1,4%, R1b-L21 1,4%, etc.

Italy (incl. Mid)

South Italy

Balkan

Ancient

Migration

  • Brazilian Y-Chromosome Lineages, Carvalho-Silva et al. 2001, [1]

Europe / Mediterranean

see also

South Tyrol (Ötzi’s homeland) historical migrations